Solvent substitution is replacing a toxic solvent for another, usually less-toxic one. Today's solvents, made with water or soy as a base are often good options.
Solvent Substitution Options, contains a table of substitutes for chlorinated solvents with the pros and cons of each type.
Focus Sheet: Vapor Degreaser Alternative: A Success Story in Waste Reduction, discusses aqueous cleaning as a substitute for more toxic degreasers.
Other groups help businesses find the least-toxic alternative for their current solvent.
CleanerSolutions, a solvent substitution database.
CleanGredients, a database of commercial cleaning products and solvents chosen for superior environmental characteristics.
Safer Choice program (previously Design for the Environment) is an EPA/industry partnership working together to reduce chemical risks. One emphasis has been on cleaning and solvents.
Institute for Research and Technical Assistance (IRTA) California nonprofit that researches alternatives to toxic substances. Their Reports page contains data about evaluations of newer solvent technologies.
The Cleaning Industry Research Institute (CIRI) sponsors technical research on cleaning and building maintenance to help improve indoor environmental quality for all types of buildings and facilities.
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