A flood plain is an area of relatively level land – usually bordering a lake, stream, or river – that gets inundated with water from time to time.
The flood plain includes:
Flood plains typically support rich, diverse ecosystems – often
called “riparian” zones or systems – that can contain 100 or even
1,000 times as many species as a river.
However, the same features that made flood plains attractive places for development also make them susceptible to flooding. To reduce costs, the federal government has developed incentives and new risk management and communication tools to minimize flood damages and maximize public awareness about flood risks. You can learn more at Floodsmart.gov.
What is flood plain management?
Flood plain management is the operation of a community program that includes corrective and preventative measures designed to reduce flood damage. These measures take a variety of forms and generally include requirements for:
A community’s agreement to adopt and enforce flood plain
management ordinances, particularly those addressing new
construction, is an important element in making flood insurance
available to home and business owners. Since standard homeowners
insurance doesn't cover flooding associated with storms and heavy
rains for homeowners, renters, and business owners, Congress created
the National Flood
Insurance Program (NFIP) as a way for property owners to
financially protect themselves. The program is administered by the
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Flood plain management in Washington state
In Washington the state coordinating agency for flood plain management is the Department of Ecology (Ecology). Ecology works with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and local governments to address statewide flood hazard challenges. Ecology provides grants and technical assistance to local communities to reduce losses to life and property and protect the environmental functions of flood hazard areas or flood plains.
Ecology also assists FEMA and the Washington State Military Department's Emergency Management Division by:
Ecology's Floodplain Management team is made up of:
Chehalis Flood 2007
Ecology's Floods homepage
Am I in a flood
Staying safe in bad
Copyright © Washington State Department of Ecology. See http://www.ecy.wa.gov/copyright.html.