Washington State Wetlands Integration Strategy

Ecology Publication #95-100, December 1994
Lynn Beaton, SWIS Coordinator

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Section I. Project Development

A. Introduction

B. SWIS Process

  1. Work Group Process
  2. Role of the Interagency Wetlands Review Board

C. Background - Biology of Wetlands

  1. Definition of Wetlands
  2. Functions of Wetlands

D. Background - Wetlands Laws and Regulations

  1. No-Net-Loss Policy
  2. State Laws
  3. Federal Laws

Section II.  SWIS Recommendations:  The Pieces of a State Wetlands Program

A. State Wetlands Policy

  1. Single policy statement
  2. Watershed Approach
  3. Standards
  4. Data Management

B. Wetlands Planning Process

  1. Integrating the Wetlands Planning Components of State Laws
  2. State and Federal Role in Local Wetlands Planning
  3. Economics and Wetlands
  4. Guidance for Local Governments

C. Wetlands Permitting Process

  1. Streamlining the Permit Process
  2. Property Rights and Takings
  3. Water Quality Standards for Wetlands
  4. Reducing the Overlap Between Local, State and Federal Programs
  5. Enforcement
  6. Mitigation Banking

  D. Non-Regulatory Actions

  1. Introduction
  2. Agency Assistance to Local Communities
  3. Recommendations for Local Communities
  4. Fostering Landowner Stewardship

  E. Wetlands Education

  1. History and Current Status
  2. Identification of Target Audiences
  3. Coordination of Wetlands Education Programs
  4. Priority Issues

Section III. Discussion of Additional Issues

  1. Lead Agency for Permit Review
  2. Section 404 Alternatives Analysis
  3. General Permit Issued to the State
  4. Nationwide General Permit #26
  5. Letters of Permission
  6. Special Area Management Plans
  7. Additional Enforcement Issues

Section IV.  SWIS Implementation Chart

Section IV is only included in the printed version of this document

This section includes an "Implementation Chart" that lists every recommendation and describes for each: the party that must implement the recommendation; the action needed; and the timeline for implementation.

Section V.  Appendices

Section V is only included in the printed version of this document

  1. List of Work Group Participants
  2. SWIS Local Demonstration Projects
  3. Endorsement From Interagency Wetlands Review Board
  4. Comment Letters From Participants
  5. Bibliography of Economic Sources
  6. Education Audience Matrix

This report was funded by a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency grant awarded to the Washington State Department of Ecology and the Washington State Department of Community, Trade, and Economic Development.


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