Bulkheads and rock walls can reduce erosion caused by wave action, but they may do little to prevent continued erosion and sliding of the upper bank.
Alternatives To Bulkheads
Bulkhead distribution data source: 1995 survey of randomly selected sites. "Our Changing Nature, Natural Resource Trends in Washington State," Washington State Department of Natural Resources, p.53.
Related TopicsBulkheads and Change, bulkheads can damage the beach.
Bulkhead Alternatives, A few possible alternatives.
Understanding Erosion, Looking at land loss.
Landscaping, Low cost, easy care landscaping.
Permits, Getting help with permits for construction.
Hydraulic Project Approval (HPA), Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Anyone planning certain construction projects or activities in or near state waters, including bulkheads, must obtain an environmental permit commonly known as an HPA. Find information on how to apply.
Hydraulic Code Rules on Bulkheads, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. These Hydraulic Code Rules apply to the construction of bulkheads for single-family residences on saltwater shores (WAC 220-660-370).
"Marine Shoreline Armoring in Puget Sound and the Washington State Hydraulic Code" Doris Small and Randy Carman, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Proceedings of the 2005 Puget Sound Georgia Basin Research Conference. Historical background on laws and rules utilized by WDFW in regulating the design and construction of bulkheads on the shores of Puget Sound."The Tide Doesn't Go Out Anymore," The Effect of Bulkheads on Urban Bay Shorelines, Scott L. Douglass and Bradley H. Pickel, University of South Alabama (1999). How bulkheads erode beaches and destroy intertidal ecology.
Comments? E-mail: Shellyne Grisham