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Office of Columbia River

WRIA 36 (Esquatzel Coulee)

  • Overview
  • Supply
  • Demand
  • Supply & Demand
  • Management Context
  • Water Allocation

Overview of WRIA 36 (Esquatzel Coulee) Results

The tributary surface water supply forecast for Esquatzel Coulee shows little change, with possible slight increases from mid-fall through mid-spring.

Irrigation is the most significant source of demand in WRIA 36. Municipal demands are quite small in comparison, though larger than those of many other eastern Washington WRIAs. Assuming no change in irrigated acreage, irrigation demand is expected to increase in many future months, but decrease in others. The magnitude of the increase in future demand varies by a small amount when alternate future economic scenarios are considered. Because of declining groundwater in the Odessa area, some irrigation demand is forecasted to shift by 2030 from groundwater to surface water. Municipal demands are projected to grow 62% by 2030, though this may be impacted by forecasted growth associated with the Quad Cities.

If provided, additional water capacity as specified by the proposed projects in the Office of Columbia River "medium" scenario is anticipated to increase agricultural irrigation water demand in this WRIA compared to 2030 irrigation water demand under the economic base case (a scenario of no additional capacity). Additional capacity will increase demand in all WRIAs where water is provided for new irrigated land.

In 2030, unregulated tributary supply would be insufficient on its own to meet combined municipal and surface water irrigation demands at the watershed scale during the irrigation season for most years, but a significant portion of demand in this WRIA is met by water supply from the Columbia River, including from the Columbia Basin Project. A separate analysis indicates that roughly one sixth of agricultural demand is within a mile of the Columbia River (results shown in "Washington's Columbia River Mainstem: Tier III Results"). Modeling did not show curtailment of interruptible water rights holders between 1977 and 2005. Simulation of future curtailment occurred in 100% of years for the middle climate scenario, resulting from acreage currentlyreceiving groundwater in the Odessa area. This area was assumed to have unmet surface water demand in 2030 under the baseline scenario, ranging from 60,581 to 70,687 with an average of 66,047 ac-ft per year. Due to data and resource constraints, the modeling of unmet demand did not consider curtailment of one water user in favor of another more senior water right holder. Water shortages outside the scope of this analysis may also exist in localized areas, and over time periods within months.

No fish listed under the Endangered Species Act spawn or rear in tributary waters of this watershed, but the Columbia River mainstem in this area is a migratory corridor for ESA-listed fish.

Supply

WRIA 36 Supply graph
Modeled historical (1977-2006) and 2030 surface water supply generated within the WRIA for dry (20th percentile, top), average (middle), and wet (80th percentile, bottom) flow conditions. The spread of 2030 flow conditions is due to the range of climate change scenarios considered. Supply includes current major reservoir operations for Yakima (WRIAs 37, 38, and 39); otherwise it is the unregulated supply, without consideration for reservoirs. Supplies are reported prior to accounting for demands, and thus should not be compared to observed flows.

Surface water supplies include only supplies generated on tributaries within the Washington portion of the watershed. They do not include water supplies that enter the WRIA from upstream portions of the watershed, nor do they include water supplies from the Snake River or Columbia River Mainstem. These water supplies are characterized in "Tier II: Supply" and "Washington's Columbia River Mainstem: Tier III results."

Demand

Historical water demand

Modeled historical (1977-2006) and 2030 irrigation water, municipal, and instream flow demands under average flow conditions, and under the middle climate change scenario considered. Forecast 2030 water demands are shown for three economic scenarios: low, medium, and high growth in the domestic economy and international trade. Ground water (GW, brown) and surface water (SW, dark green) irrigation demands are shown at the “top of crop” and include water that will actually be used by plants, as well as on-field losses based on irrigation type. Conveyance losses (light green) are estimated separately. Consumptive municipal demands (yellow) include self-supplied domestic use, but exclude self-supplied industrial use. Instream flows (blue) for both the historical and 2030 forecast are shown using adopted state instream flows or federal flow targets. When more than one instream flow exists at the sub-watershed level for a given month, the largest value (generally also the most downstream) was used to express instream flows at the WRIA level.

Future water demand

2030 forecasted water demands under the 2030 forecast economic base case (medium economic scenario, no additional water capacity, same as "2030 Medium" in the graph above), and under the 2030 medium water capacity scenario (with the addition of 200,000 ac-ft per year of proposed additional capacity). The medium water capacity scenario examined a specific set of water capacity projects across eastern Washington, and assumed that new surface water supplies would be used for two purposes: as replacement water for acreage in Odessa currently irrigated with groundwater, and to grow crops on land that is not currently irrigated. Irrigation water demand is shown under average flow conditions and for the middle climate change scenario considered. It includes groundwater and surface water demands, as well as conveyance losses, as above.

Supply & Demand

Supply & demand

Comparison of surface water supply, surface water irrigation demands, and municipal demand for 2030, using the baseline economic scenario, and the middle value of the range of climate change scenarios considered. Wet (80th percentile), average, and dry (20th percentile) flow conditions are shown for supply. The 80th, 50th, and 20th percentile conditions are also shown for irrigation demand using error bars. Demands and supplies are defined as above. Water curtailment is not considered.

Management Context

Adjudicated Areas NO 
Watershed Planning NO
Adopted Instream Flow Rules NO
Fish Listed Under the Endangered Species Act*  [Columbia mainstem migratory corridor]
Ground Water Management Area YES (Columbia Basin GWMA and Odessa Subarea)
Ground Water Studies YES (references listed in WSU technical report)

 

*All species that spawn or rear in WRIA waters are identified. Species that migrate through WRIA waters are not individually identified, but migratory corridors for listed fish species that spawn and rear upstream are noted.

 

 

Water Allocation

Water Allocation graph

To give an indication of the amount of uncertainty related to water claims, permits, and certificate data, total annual quantities of water identified under state level water claims, permits, and certificates in Ecology's Water Rights Tracking System (WRTS) are provided, as well as information on the percentage of documents without information. Water documents that could be identified as exclusively non-consumptive uses (e.g. power, fish propagation) were removed from analysis. WRTS data does not include tribal or federal quantified or unquantified water rights.

 

Definitions used in this Forecast

Basin-Wide Results Tier 1 WRIA Results Overview Tier 2 Mainstem Results Tier 3 WDFW Instream Results

 

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