Resources and Studies
Instream flows and fish bibliography
Protection of low
flow periods critical for fish production - Summary of technical documents
compiled by Brad Caldwell, Department of Ecology, that looks at the relationship
of stream flow levels and fish population health. The summary references the
Beecher, H. 1990 - Standards for Instream Flows - Hal A.
Beecher, Habitat Management Division, Washington Department of
Beecher, H. 1979 - Low Stream Flow and Steelhead (Salmo
gairdneri) Production. Report on Steelhead. Washington
Department of Game.
Hartman, G.F., and J.C. Scrivener. 1990 - Impacts of forestry
practices on a coastal stream ecosystem, Carnation Creek,
British Columbia. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic
Sciences 223: viii+148 pp. Department of Fisheries and Oceans,
Lister, D.B. and C.E. Walker. 1966 - The Effect of Flow
Control on Fresh-Water Survival of Chum, Coho, and Chinook
Salmon in the Big Qualicum River. Can. Fish. Cult. 37:3-25.
Mathews, S. B. and F.W. Olson. 1980 - Factors Affecting Puget
Sound Coho Salmon Runs. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 37:1373-1378.
McKeernan, D. L., D.R. Johnson, and J. I Hodges. 1950 - Some
Factors influencing the trends of salmon populations in Oregon.
Trans. N. Am. Wildl. Conf. 15:437-441.
Neave, F. 1949 - Game Fish Populations of the Cowichan River.
Fish. Res. Bd. Canada. Bull. 84.
Norman, G, D. McIsaac, and C. LeFleur (1987) - “The Effect of
River Flow on Abundance of Pre-Smolt Fall Chinook Salmon in the
North Fork Lewis River Below Merwin Dam, 1978-80 and 1983-85,”
Progress Report 87-15. Washington Department of Fisheries,
Columbia River Laboratory, Battle Ground, Washington.
Pearson, L.S., K.R. Conover, and R.E. Sams. 1967 - Factors
Affecting the Natural Rearing of Juvenile Coho Salmon During the
Summer Low Flow Season. Oregon State Dept. Fish Wildlife.
Quinn, T.P., and N.P. Peterson. 1996 - The influence of
habitat complexity and fish size on over winter survival and
growth of individually marked juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus
kisutch) in Big Beef Creek, Washington. Canadian Journal of
Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53 (7): 1555 1564.
Seiler, Dave. 2001 - Wild Coho Forecasts for Puget Sound and
Washington Coastal Systems. WDFW.
Smoker, W.A. 1955 - Effects of Stream Flow on Silver Salmon
Production in Western Washington. Ph.D. dissertation, Univ.
Washington, Seattle, WA 175 p.
Wickett, W.P. 1951 - The Coho Salmon Population of Nile
Creek. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Progress Reports
Pacific Coast Stations, No. 89:88-89.
Zillges, G.F. 1977 - Methodology for Determining Puget Sound
Coho Escapement Goals, Escapement Estimates, 1977 Preseason Run
Size Prediction and In-season Run Assessment. Wash. Dept. Fish.
Tech. Rep. 28. 65 p.
Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) Studies
The following studies were conducted by Ecology
with the state Department of Fish & Wildlife
Water availability can no longer be taken for granted in Washington state.
Many factors affect water supply throughout the state’s 62 watersheds (also
referred to as Water Resource Inventory Areas, WRIAs).
Setting Instream Flows
Legislative reports on Setting Instream
Flows and Watershed Planning
- Department of
Environmental Assessment Program (EAP) -
provides a range of scientific, monitoring,
laboratory and quality assurance services.
The River and Stream Flow Monitoring page
provides current stream flow data on streams
throughout the state.
Managing Our Water – links to key aspects of
water supply management
- Department of
Fish and Wildlife
Department of Health - Division of Drinking Water - water
supply planning, drinking water
- Department of Natural Resources
– manages 5.6 million acres
of forest, range, agricultural, aquatic and commercial lands
- Northwest Power and Conservation Council – interstate agency
developing energy plans for the Pacific Northwest that include
conservation efforts for local fish and wildlife
Salmon Recovery in Washington
– the federal ESA, and
Washington state law, require development of recovery plans for
- Washington State
Conservation Commission – works with Conservation Districts
to conserve renewable natural resources
Whose Water? Past; Present; Future - Chelan Agreement
Proceedings; Part I, September 1989 and Part II, November 1990
Bonneville Power Administration (BPA)
Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) – Water management in the west,
including providing wholesale water and producing hydroelectric
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Marine Fisheries Service – Northwest Regional Office - ESA,
anadromous fish, marine mammals, etc.
Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) - Agriculture; best
management practices; stream restoration
Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration) -
U. S. Army Corps of Engineers , Northwestern Division, Fish
Management Office – Coordinates with other agencies to
improve salmon passage at Corps dams on Columbia and Snake
- U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service - ESA for wildlife,
non-anadromous fish (e.g. bull trout) and other species
Geological Survey (USGS) - Water Resources of Washington State
with information on Washington’s rivers and streams,
groundwater, water quality, etc. Also has a link to their
network of stream gauges for latest river conditions
International Instream Flow Council - Represents interests
of state and provincial fish and wildlife management agencies in
the U.S. and Canada, dedicated to improving the effectiveness of
instream flow programs.
Copyright © Washington State Department of Ecology. See http://www.ecy.wa.gov/copyright.htm