Resources and Studies
Instream flows and fish bibliography
Protection of low
flow periods critical for fish production - Summary of technical documents
compiled by Brad Caldwell, Department of Ecology, that looks at the relationship
of stream flow levels and fish population health. The summary references the
Beecher. H. 1979 - Low Stream Flow and Steelhead (Salmo
gairdneri) Production. Report on Steelhead. Washington
Department of Game.
Hartman, G.F., and J.C. Scrivener. 1990 - Impacts of forestry
practices on a coastal stream ecosystem, Carnation Creek,
British Columbia. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic
Sciences 223: viii+148 pp. Department of Fisheries and Oceans,
Lister, D.B. and C.E. Walker. 1966 - The Effect of Flow
Control on Fresh-Water Survival of Chum, Coho, and Chinook
Salmon in the Big Qualicum River. Can. Fish. Cult. 37:3-25.
Mathews, S. B. and F.W. Olson. 1980 - Factors Affecting Puget
Sound Coho Salmon Runs. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 37:1373-1378.
McKeernan, D. L., D.R. Johnson, and J. I Hodges. 1950 - Some
Factors influencing the trends of salmon populations in Oregon.
Trans. N. Am. Wildl. Conf. 15:437-441.
Neave, F. 1949 - Game Fish Populations of the Cowichan River.
Fish. Res. Bd. Canada. Bull. 84.
Norman, G, D. McIsaac, and C. LeFleur (1987) - “The Effect of
River Flow on Abundance of Pre-Smolt Fall Chinook Salmon in the
North Fork Lewis River Below Merwin Dam, 1978-80 and 1983-85,”
Progress Report 87-15. Washington Department of Fisheries,
Columbia River Laboratory, Battle Ground, Washington.
Pearson, L.S., K.R. Conover, and R.E. Sams. 1967 - Factors
Affecting the Natural Rearing of Juvenile Coho Salmon During the
Summer Low Flow Season. Oregon State Dept. Fish Wildlife.
Quinn, T.P., and N.P. Peterson. 1996 - The influence of
habitat complexity and fish size on over winter survival and
growth of individually marked juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus
kisutch) in Big Beef Creek, Washington. Canadian Journal of
Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53 (7): 1555 1564.
Seiler, Dave. 2001 - Wild Coho Forecasts for Puget Sound and
Washington Coastal Systems. WDFW.
Smoker, W.A. 1955 - Effects of Stream Flow on Silver Salmon
Production in Western Washington. Ph.D. dissertation, Univ.
Washington, Seattle, WA 175 p.
Wickett, W.P. 1951 - The Coho Salmon Population of Nile
Creek. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Progress Reports
Pacific Coast Stations, No. 89:88-89.
Zillges, G.F. 1977 - Methodology for Determining Puget Sound
Coho Escapement Goals, Escapement Estimates, 1977 Preseason Run
Size Prediction and In-season Run Assessment. Wash. Dept. Fish.
Tech. Rep. 28. 65 p.
Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) Studies
The following studies were conducted by Ecology
with the state Department of Fish & Wildlife
Water availability can no longer be taken for granted in Washington state.
Many factors affect water supply throughout the state’s 62 watersheds (also
referred to as Water Resource Inventory Areas, WRIAs).
Check on water availability in your watershed
Setting Instream Flows
Legislative reports on Setting Instream
Flows and Watershed Planning
Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) - Dams on the Columbia
Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) – Water management in the west,
including providing wholesale water and producing hydroelectric
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - Office of Water -
groundwater, drinking water, wetlands, etc.
Marine Fisheries Service – Northwest Regional Office - ESA,
anadromous fish, marine mammals, etc.
Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) - Agriculture; best
management practices; stream restoration
Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration) -
U. S. Army Corps of Engineers , Northwestern Division, Fish
Management Office – Coordinates with other agencies to
improve salmon passage at Corps dams on Columbia and Snake
- U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service - ESA for wildlife,
non-anadromous fish (e.g. bull trout) and other species
Geological Survey (USGS) - Water Resources of Washington State
with information on Washington’s rivers and streams,
groundwater, water quality, etc. Also has a link to their
network of stream gauges for latest river conditions
International Instream Flow Council - Represents interests
of state and provincial fish and wildlife management agencies in
the U.S. and Canada, dedicated to improving the effectiveness of
instream flow programs.
Copyright © Washington State Department of Ecology. See http://www.ecy.wa.gov/copyright.html.