Link to EPA Outdoor Water Use

Water Conservation – be water smart, not water short

Water is a valuable resource in Washington.  Using our resources wisely will help us fill the needs of people, industries, businesses and farms, while also keeping fish and other aquatic life alive and well.  Across the state these water users have diverse needs and goals we must find a way to share limited, fluctuating supplies.

Many factors impact water availability.  Climate change is resulting in reduced snow packs and higher temperatures.  Rapid population growth means that more water is used.  And economic expansion contributes to an increase in paved surfaces, which means more stormwater runoff and allows less water to be absorbed through the ground.

Water conservation—using water efficiently and avoiding waste—is fundamental to ensuring water availability in the future.  In order to protect our water supply everyone can practice conservation.  In our businesses, schools, and homes, using water more efficiently will lessen the effects of limited water supply.

Home Residents



Landscape watering

Landscape choices

For more information on exactly where water is used in your home visit H2ouse.

Industrial and Commercial Business

Environmental Education (Pre K-12)

Water and Wastewater Utilities

Water efficiency and conservation programs can help reduce water and wastewater infrastructure costs. Promoting water conservation to your customers has been made easy with EPA’s WaterSense Program. Utilities can become promotional partners and take advantage of a strong, consistent, national campaign promoting water conservation.

Washington State Department of Health has many resources available for water systems. The Water Use Efficiency page has information ranging from reducing leaks to goal setting.

As Washington faces climate challenges and works toward successful water management, Ecology has begun to develop and adopt rules on all aspects of reclaimed water. Reclaiming treated wastewater reduces the discharge of pollutants into lakes, streams, and rivers and at the same time can replace potable water supplies for many common uses like landscape irrigation.


Agricultural water conservation on farms is a valuable tool for successful water management. Understanding the watershed’s water supply is a first step to saving water. Tools such as the Washington Irrigation Guide and Scientific Irrigation Scheduling can help farms to be water smart and use water efficiently.

These tools allow irrigators to get water to crops at the right time resulting in improved crop quality and yield, conservation of water and energy.

Related Links

ECY Programs

Other Government Programs

Other related conservation information sources

Utilities with Drought and Conservation Information