Ecology drought response committee to monitor winter water supplies in Washington
The Department of Ecology and members of the Water Supply Availability Committee (WSAC) will monitor water supplies in Washington over the winter and not meet again until mid-January 2015.
Information shared at WSAC’s last meeting of 2014 on Oct. 31 showed:
Warmer, drier winter in the forecast for Washington state
The Office of the Washington state Climatologist says that climate scientists are expecting a weak El Nino weather pattern this winter, which could bring warmer temperatures and precipitation in the form of rain, not snow, to the Pacific Northwest. The chance for such an event was revised downward this week from 65 to 58 percent.
The National Weather Service is forecasting an increased chance of warmer than normal temperatures for the winter and increased chances of below normal precipitation through the winter.
Warmer temperatures and precipitation in the form of rain, not snow, could mean diminished accumulations of snowpack. Under these conditions, irrigation and fish habitat may be at risk of inadequate water supplies in the late summer due to reduced run-off from snowmelt.
The process of a drought declaration
Under state law Ecology may declare a drought emergency if it determines that all or part of a geographical area is suffering from drought conditions. This is done with the written approval of the Governor, acting under the advice of the Water Supply Availability Committee and the state Executive Water Emergency Committee. The geographical area designated for drought funding must be specified.
Unlike most states, Washington has a statutory definition of drought. It requires that two conditions be met and it differs from the drought rating scale applied by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The two conditions are:
Once Ecology declares a drought at the direction of the Governor, Ecology can provide drought relief in the form of loans and grants for uses such as:
Drought and water supply information
You can find additional drought and water supply information at the following links:
Drought Insurance Program (DIP) "The legislature tasked OCR with reducing drought risk for interruptible water users"
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